Bojnurd Residential Complex
North Khorasan Province / Bojnurd
Urban Development and Revitalization Organization Of Iran
Social housing has been a focus of urban development in Iran during the past 40 years. The conceptualization of social housing as multi-unit, high-rise and single program complexes in the periphery of major Iranian cities, has failed drastically in providing for the social, cultural, economic, and spatial needs of its targeted audience.
Learning from past mistakes, contemporary social housing projects are being located in the heart of the city within neighborhoods that have degraded urban fabric and are in severe need for revitalization.
Bojnurd Residential Complex, situated in city of Bojnurd, is an example of the new generation of social housing in Iran.
The project is conceived as a mixed-use program with cultural and retail facilities on the ground floor. The shared spaces are conceptualized as extension of public domain and function as buffer zones between building blocks, creating a porous volume for the complex. Housing the interactions of the occupants, these shared spaces function as the hub for generation and fostering of social capital between the residents.
The proposed typology affords to be modified to house different residential units in terms of total area, number of bedrooms and number of levels, responding properly to requirements of both flat and duplex units.
As the type is conceived as mixed-use, the replication of the type within the neighborhood transforms the neighborhood to a lively urban fabric. The ground floor programs attract non-residents. This creates economic opportunities for the residents. Hence, in providing spaces to live, opportunities to earn a living is naturally embedded in the project.